Adyghe Autonomous Oblast

Adyghe Autonomous Oblast
Адыгэ AО
Адыге́йская AО
Autonomous oblast of the Soviet Union
Changes in the territory of the Adyghe АО in 1936-1962
Capital Maykop
Historical era 20th century
  Established 27 July 1922
  Disestablished 3 July 1991
Today part of  Russia

Adyghe Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Адыге́йская автоно́мная о́бласть) was an autonomous oblast within Krasnodar Krai, Soviet Union. It existed from 1922 to 1991.

Cherkess (Adyghe) Autonomous Oblast was established within the Russian SFSR on July 27, 1922 on the territories of Kuban-Black Sea Oblast primarily settled by the Adyghe people. At that time, Krasnodar was the administrative center. It was renamed Adyghe (Cherkess) Autonomous Oblast on August 24, 1922, soon after its creation. On October 24, 1924, it became part of new North Caucasus Krai. It was renamed Adyghe Autonomous Oblast in July 1928. On January 10, 1934, the autonomous oblast became part of new Azov-Black Sea Krai, which was spun off North Caucasus Krai. The city of Maykop and surrounding areas was added to the Adyghe AO and Maykop designated the administrative center of the autonomous oblast in 1936. Adyghe AO became part of Krasnodar Krai when it was established on September 13, 1937.

On April 28, 1962 the district of Tula, Krasnodar Krai, was added to the Adyghe AO and the autonomous region became its present form.

On July 3, 1991, the autonomous oblast was elevated to the status of a republic under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and renamed Republic of Adygea.

See also

Coordinates: 44°36′00″N 40°05′00″E / 44.6000°N 40.0833°E / 44.6000; 40.0833

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