Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Каракалпакская АССР  (Russian)
Қорақалпоғистон АССР  (Uzbek)
Қарақалпақстан АССР  (Karakalpak)
Autonomous republic of the Uzbek SSR

Flag Coat of arms
Capital Nukus
Government Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
  Established 1932
  Sovereignty declared 14 December 1990
  Republic of Karkalpakstan 21 December 1991
  New constitution 8 December 1992

The Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Karakalpak ASSR; Karakalpak: Қарақалпақстан АССР; Uzbek: Қорақалпоғистон АССР; Russian: Каракалпакская АССР) also known as Soviet Karakalpakstan or simply Karakalpakstan was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union. Until 20 July 1932, it was called the Karakalpak Autonomous Oblast. On 5 December 1936, it was merged with the Uzbek SSR. It was the only ASSR in Soviet Central Asia.

Its capital was Nukus (until 1939, Turtkul).

On 14 December 1990, Karakalpak ASSR declared state sovereignty over the Soviet laws. Uzbekistan declared independence on 31 August 1991 after the events of the failed coup while Karakalpak ASSR was renamed to and re-established as the Republic of Karakalpakstan on 21 December 1991. The Soviet Union was dissolved on 26 December 1991.

The new constitution was adopted on 8 December 1992, thus making Karakalpakstan as an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan.

See also


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