New York City Ballet

"NYCB" redirects here. For the bank, see New York Community Bank. For the breakdancing crew and hip hop group, see New York City Breakers.
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New York City Ballet
General information
Name New York City Ballet
Previous names
Year founded 1948
Founding choreographers
Principal venue
Artistic staff
Ballet Master in Chief Peter Martins
Ballet Mistress Rosemary Dunleavy
Music Director Andrew Litton
Orchestra The New York City Ballet Orchestra
Official school School of American Ballet
Associated schools
Formation Principal Dancer
Corps de Ballet

New York City Ballet (NYCB) is a ballet company founded in 1948 by choreographer George Balanchine[1] and Lincoln Kirstein.[2] Léon Barzin was the company's first music director. Balanchine and Jerome Robbins are considered the founding choreographers of the company. City Ballet grew out of earlier troupes: the Producing Company of the School of American Ballet,[3] 1934; the American Ballet,[4] 1935, and Ballet Caravan, 1936, which merged into American Ballet Caravan,[5] 1941; and directly from the Ballet Society,[6][7] 1946.


In a 1946 letter, Kirstein stated, "The only justification I have is to enable Balanchine to do exactly what he wants to do in the way he wants to do it."[8] He served as the company's General Director from 1946 to 1989, developing and sustaining it by his organizational and fundraising abilities.[8]

The company was named New York City Ballet in 1948 when it became resident at City Center of Music and Drama.[9][10] Its success was marked by its move to the New York State Theater, now David H. Koch Theater, designed by Philip Johnson to Balanchine's specifications. City Ballet went on to become the first ballet company in the United States to have two permanent venue engagements: one at Lincoln Center's David H. Koch Theater on 63rd Street in Manhattan, and another at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center, in Saratoga Springs, New York. The School of American Ballet (S.A.B.), which Balanchine founded, is the training school of City Ballet.

After the company's move to the State Theater, Balanchine's creativity as a choreographer flourished. He created works that were the basis of the company's repertory until his death in 1983. His vision influenced dance both across the United States and in Europe. He worked closely with choreographer Jerome Robbins, who resumed his connection with the company in 1969 after having produced works for Broadway.

New York City Ballet in Amsterdam with George Balanchine

NYCB still has the largest repertoire by far of any American ballet company, and it often stages 60 ballets or more in its winter and spring seasons at Lincoln Center each year, and 20 or more in its summer season in Saratoga Springs. City Ballet has performed The Nutcracker, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night's Dream and many more. City Ballet has trained and developed many great dancers since its formation. Also, many dancers with already developed reputations have joined City Ballet as principal dancers.

Salute to Italy

In 1960 Balanchine mounted City Ballet's Salute to Italy with premieres of Monumentum pro Gesualdo and Variations from Don Sebastian (called the Donizetti Variations since 1961), as well as performances of his La Sonnambula and Lew Christensen's Con Amore. The performance was repeated in 1968.

Stravinsky Festival

David H. Koch Theater shown pre-renovation.

In 1972 Balanchine offered an eight-day tribute to the composer, his great collaborator, who had died the year before. His programs included twenty-two new works of his own dances, plus works by choreographers Todd Bolender, John Clifford, Lorca Massine, Jerome Robbins, Richard Tanner and John Taras, as well as repertory ballets by Balanchine and Robbins. Balanchine created Symphony in Three Movements, Duo Concertant and Violin Concerto for the occasion. He and Robbins co-choreographed and performed in Pulcinella. Balanchine had produced an earlier Stravinsky festival in 1937 as balletmaster of the American Ballet while engaged by the Metropolitan Opera. The composer conducted the April 27th premiere of Card Party.

Ravel Festival

In 1975 Balanchine paid his respects to the French composer Maurice Ravel with a two-week Hommage à Ravel. Balanchine, Robbins, Jacques d'Amboise, and Taras made sixteen new ballets for the occasion. Repertory ballets were performed as well. High points included Balanchine's Le Tombeau de Couperin and Robbins' Mother Goose.

Tschaikovsky Festival

In 1981 Balanchine planned a two-week NYCB festival honoring the Russian composer Peter Ilyitch Tschaikovsky. Balanchine, Joseph Duell, d'Amboise, Peter Martins, Robbins and Taras created twelve new dances. In addition to presenting these and repertory ballets, Balanchine re-choreographed his Mozartziana from 1933. Philip Johnson and John Burgee's stage setting of translucent tubing was designed to be hung and lit in different architectural configurations throughout the entire festival.[11]

Stravinsky Centennial Celebration

In 1982 Balanchine organized a centennial celebration in honor of his long-time collaborator Igor Stravinsky, during which the City Ballet performed twenty-five ballets set to the composer’s music. Balanchine made three new ballets, Tango, Élégie and Persephone, and a new version of Variations.[12] The choreographer died the following year. Balanchine ’s 50th Anniversary Celebration was held by the company in 2002.

New York State Theater 20-Year Celebration

On April 26, 1984, NYCB celebrated the 20th anniversary of the New York State Theater. The program started with Igor Stravinsky's Fanfare for a New Theater, followed by Stravinsky's arrangement of The Star-Spangled Banner. The ballets included: three of Balanchine's works, Serenade, Stravinsky Violin Concerto, and Sonatine; and Jerome Robbins' Afternoon of a Faun. The performers included Maria Calegari, Kyra Nichols, Heather Watts, Leonid Kozlov, Afshin Mofid, Patricia McBride, Helgi Tomasson, Karin von Aroldingen, Lourdes Lopez, Bart Cook, and Joseph Duell.[13]

Peter Martins

After Balanchine's death in 1983, Peter Martins was selected as balletmaster of the company. After 30 years, Martins was judged to have maintained the New York City Ballet's financial security and the musicality and performance level of the dancers, but he has not emphasized the Balanchine style to the extent that many observers expected he would.[14]

American Music Festival

For the company's 40th anniversary, Martins held an American Music Festival, having commissioned dances from choreographers Laura Dean, Eliot Feld, William Forsythe, Lar Lubovitch and Paul Taylor. He also presented ballets by George Balanchine and Robbins. The programs included world premieres of more than twenty dances. Martins contributed Barber Violin Concerto, Black and White, The Chairman Dances, A Fool for You, Fred and George, Sophisticated Lady, Tanzspiel, Tea-Rose and The Waltz Project.[11]

Jerome Robbins celebration

A major component of the Spring 2008 season was a celebration of Jerome Robbins; major revivals were mounted of the following ballets:

Dancers' Choice

Friday, June 27, 2008 the first Dancers’ Choice benefit was held for the Dancers' Emergency Fund. The program was initiated by Peter Martins, conceived and supervised by principal dancer Jonathan Stafford, assisted by Kyle Froman, Craig Hall, Amanda Hankes, Adam Hendrickson, Ask la Cour, Henry Seth and Daniel Ulbricht, and consisted of:

and excerpts from:

Sunday June 14, 2009 the second Dancers’ Choice benefit was held at a special evening performance, the program included: Sleeping Beauty and Union Jack.[16][17] This program was supervised by principal dancer Jenifer Ringer.


Peter Martins NYCB Balletmaster in Chief, pictured here in 2009.

NYCB performs fall, winter and spring repertory seasons at the David H. Koch Theater at Lincoln Center as well as George Balanchine's Nutcracker during November and December; they have a summer residency at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center and regularly tour internationally.

Fourth Ring Society and Talks

City Ballet's Fourth Ring Society offers discounted tickets to members. Membership is open to the general public.[18]

Introductory talks about the current performance, called Dancer Chats or First Position Discussions,[19] are held before some performances or during some intervals; the docents are volunteers and include laymen as well as former dancers.

New York Choreographic Institute

City Ballet's Choreographic Institute was founded by Irene Diamond and Peter Martins in 2000 . The institute has three main programmatic programs: choreographic sessions, providing choreographers with dancers and studio space; fellowship initiatives, annual awards in support of an emerging choreographer affiliated with a ballet company; and choreographic forums, symposia and round-table discussions on choreography, music, and design elements.


The present artistic staff: [20]

Balletmaster in chief

Peter Martins, who first danced with City Ballet in 1967 joined the company as a principal dancer in 1970,[21] in 1981 was named balletmaster, a title shared with Balanchine, Robbins and John Taras. Martins served as co-balletmaster in chief with Robbins from 1983 to 1989 and assumed sole directorship of the company in 1990.



  • Karin von Aroldingen
  • Jean-Pierre Frohlich
  • Craig Hall [22]

  • Susan Hendl
  • Lisa Jackson
  • Russell Kaiser

  • Glenn Keenan
  • Sara Leland
  • Christine Redpath

  • Jonathan Stafford
  • Richard Tanner
  • Kathleen Tracey

Guest teachers

    Children's ballet mistress

    • Dena Abergel

    Assistant children's ballet master

    • Arch Higgins

    Resident Choreographer

    Justin Peck[23]

    The New York City Ballet Orchestra

    The 66 member NYCB Orchestra is an important symphonic institution in its own right, having played for virtually all of the thousands of performances NYCB has given over the decades. It is one of the most versatile orchestras in the world, on any given week performing perhaps three or four times the repertoire that another symphony might be expected to do.[24] Principal players of the orchestra also perform the majority of the concertos, other solos, and chamber music the ballet performs to. The orchestra accompanies the ballet on all of its North American Tours, and while the ballet uses local orchestras on its international tours, often, members of the NYCB Orchestra will go along as soloists or extras.

    Besides the members of the orchestra, the NYCB has six other musicians (pianists) on full-time staff. All of them perform in the pit with the orchestra on a regular basis.

    The NYCB Orchestra also occasionally accompanies other dance companies when they visit The David H. Koch Theater from other cities. These engagements have included the Australian Ballet in the spring of 2012,[25] and the San Francisco Ballet[26] in the fall of 2013.

    Music Director

    Andrew Litton was appointed to the position on December 16, 2014 and will start in September 2015.[27]

    Staff Conductors

    Clotilde Otranto, Andrews Sill (acting Music Director 2012-2014 and thenceforward Associate Music Director.) Daniel Capps. Ryan McAdams (associate conductor 2011)

    Historical music directors

    Leon Barzin 1948-c1963, Robert Irving ("The Duke") c1963-1989, Gordon Boelzner 1989-2000, Andrea Quinn 2000-2006 Fayçal Karoui 2006-2012.

    Other conductors of note

    Hugo Fiorato (retired 2004) (Conductor Emeritus), Maurice Kaplow (retired 2010)



    Principal dancers


    • Antonio Carmena
    • Zachary Catazaro
    • Craig Hall [22]

    • Ashly Isaacs
    • Russell Janzen
    • Lauren King

    • Justin Peck
    • Erica Pereira
    • Brittany Pollack
    • Sean Suozzi

    Corps de ballet

    • Sara Adams
    • Devin Alberda
    • Marika Anderson
    • Daniel Applebaum
    • Faye Arthurs
    • Harrison Ball
    • Olivia Boisson
    • Jacqueline Bologna
    • Likolani Brown
    • Preston Chamblee
    • Stephanie Chrosniak
    • Harrison Coll
    • Cameron Dieck
    • Alina Dronova
    • Meaghan Dutton-O'Hara

    • Silas Farley
    • Clara Frances
    • Emilie Gerrity
    • Joseph Gordon
    • Laine Habony
    • Ashley Hod
    • Spartak Hoxha
    • Ralph Ippolito
    • Dana Jacobson
    • Megan Johnson
    • Baily Jones
    • Ghaleb Kayali

    • Emily Kikta
    • Claire Kretzschmar
    • Isabella LaFreniere
    • Olivia MacKinnon
    • Meagan Mann
    • Jenelle Manzi
    • Alexa Maxwell
    • Gwyneth Muller
    • Lars Nelson
    • Unity Phelan
    • David Prottas
    • Aaron Sanz
    • Troy Schumacher

    • Andrew Scordato
    • Kristen Segin
    • Mary Elizabeth Sell
    • Gretchen Smith
    • Mimi Staker
    • Joshua Thew
    • Lara Tong
    • Christian Tworzyanski
    • Giovanni Villalobos
    • Sebastian Villarini-Velez
    • Sarah Villwock
    • Claire Von Enck
    • Peter Walker
    • Lydia Wellington [30]
    • Indiana Woodward

    Former dancers

    Former principal dancers

    Former soloists

    • Ellen Bar
    • Elyse Borne
    • Jason Fowler
    • Jean-Pierre Frohlich
    • Susan Gluck

    • Tom Gold
    • Gloria Govrin
    • Susan Hendl
    • Adam Hendrickson
    • Arch Higgins

    • Christine Redpath
    • Rachel Rutherford
    • Carol Sumner
    • Jennifer Tinsley-Williams
    • Diana White

    Former corps de ballet

    • Aaron Severini
    • Amy Barker
    • Briana Atkins
    • Briana Shepherd [32]
    • Callie Bachman
    • Jenny Blascovich
    • Cara Copeland
    • Courtney Muscroft
    • Dara Johnson
    • Darius Barnes [32]
    • Amanda Hankes
    • Brittany Hillyer
    • Darla Hoover
    • Garielle Whittle

    • Deborah Wingert
    • Dena Abergel
    • Elizabeth Walker
    • Ellen Ostrom
    • Emily Coates
    • Glenn Keenan
    • Henry Seth
    • Jenny Blascovich
    • Kaitlyn Gilliland [Janice Levin 13]
    • Katie Bergstrom [32]
    • Kristin Sloan

    • Kyle Froman
    • Lindy Mandradjieff
    • Mary Helen Bowers
    • Matthew Renko
    • Max van der Sterre [32]
    • Maya Collins
    • Megan Bonneau
    • Pauline Golbin
    • Rachel Piskin
    • Robert Lyon
    • Dorothy Froehlich
    • Allen Peiffer
    • Austin Laurent
    • Austin Bachman

    Janice Levin Award dancers

    1. 2007–2008 Tyler Angle
    2. 2002–2003 Ashley Bouder
    3. 2010–2011 Anthony Huxley
    4. 2005–2006 Sterling Hyltin
    5. 2012–2013 Lauren Lovette
    6. 2006–2007 Tiler Peck
    7. 2004–2005 Teresa Reichlen
    8. 2000–2001 Abi Stafford
    9. 2011–2012 Taylor Stanley
    10. 2003–2004 Daniel Ulbricht
    11. 2001–2002 Carla Körbes
    12. 2008–2009 Kathryn Morgan
    13. 2009–2010 Kaitlyn Gilliland


    1. Jane Philbin Wood (November 1998). "Memories of Ballet Society and choreographer George Balanchine". Dance Magazine. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
    2. Laura Raucher (2008). "Kirstein 100: A Tribute Online Exhibition". New York City Ballet. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
    3. Martin, John (November 4, 1934). "The Dance: American Ballet in debut; A New Group Emerges From Training for First Public Tour". The New York Times.
    4. Martin, John (June 28, 1936). "The Dance: A new troupe; Group From the American Ballet Organizes Summer Tour". The New York Times.
    5. Martin, John (May 18, 1941). "The Danse: Bon voyage; American Ballet Caravan Is Revived to Make Extended South American Tour". The New York Times.
    6. "New Ballet Group enters field here; Balanchine Is Artistic Director of Ballet Society, Which Will Open Season on Nov.20". The New York Times. October 21, 1946.
    7. Martin, John (October 27, 1946). "The Dance: New Ballet; In 'Three Virgins and a Devil'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
    8. 1 2 Alastair Macaulay, "A Paragon of the Arts, as Both Man and Titan" (review of Martin Duberman, The Worlds of Lincoln Kirstein), Books of the Times, New York Times, 4 May 2007, accessed 5 January 2015
    9. Martin, John (June 27, 1948). "The Dance: City Ballet". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
    10. Martin, John (October 12, 1948). "City Ballet Group in First Program; Works by Balanchine Offered by Unit as Series of Dance Performances Begins". The New York Times.
    11. 1 2 A festival of the same name is planned for 2013.
    12. Dunning, Jennifer (June 11, 1982). "City Ballet opens 8-day celebration of Stravinsky". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
    13. Anderson, Jack (April 26, 1984). "City Ballet: A 20-Year Celebration". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-05-02.
    14. Sulcas, Roslyn (19 April 2013). "City Ballet's Leader, 30 Years In". New York Times. New York City, United States. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
    15. Flit of Fury/The Monarch: premiere
    16. Macaulay, Alastair (June 15, 2009). "When the Performers Write the Program". The New York Times.
    17. Dreyer, Lindsay (June 22, 2009). "New York City Ballet's Second Annual Dancers' Choice Benefit Performance". Dancer Universe Blog.
    18. "Fourth Ring Society". NYCB. Archived from the original on October 11, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
    19. "Fourth Ring Talks". NYCB. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
    20. "Artistic Staff". New York City Ballet. 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
    21. "Ballet Master in Chief Peter Martins". New York City Ballet. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-05.
    22. 1 2 Craig Hall will be a soloist through the end of the 2016 Summer tour to Paris, at which time he will be promoted to balletmaster.
    23. Sulcas, Roslyn (2014-07-09). "New York City Ballet Names Justin Peck as Choreographer". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-10-06.
    25. Macaulay, Alastair (June 17, 2012). "'Swan Lake' by Australian Ballet at Koch Theater". The New York Times.
    26. Seibert, Brian (October 18, 2013). "San Francisco Ballet in Ratmansky and Morris Works". The New York Times.
    28. "Dancers By Rank". New York City Ballet. March 2014
    29. "Cupcakes & Conversation with Megan Fairchild". Ballet News. July 9, 2010.
    30. "Cupcakes & Conversation with Lydia Wellington". Ballet News. February 8, 2011.
    31. "Cupcakes & Conversation with Kathryn Morgan". Ballet News. April 18, 2010.
    32. 1 2 3 4 5 Wakin, Daniel J (July 22, 2009). "Sudden Finale". New York Times,. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
    33. Catton, Pia (February 15, 2013). "A Teacher Who Keeps Them on Their Toes". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015.


    • Balanchine. A Biography, Bernard Taper. Collier Books Edition.
    • The New York City Ballet. Thirty Years, Lincoln Kirstein.
    • The New York City Ballet, Anatole Chujoy. Knopf. 1953.
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