New Zealand State Highway 5
State Highway 5
|Maintained by New Zealand Transport Agency|
|Length:||262 km (163 mi)|
|Thermal Explorer Highway|
|Northwest end:||SH 1 at Tirau|
|Southeast end:||SH 2 at Bay View|
|Rotorua, Wairakei, Taupo|
State Highway 5 is the second shortest of New Zealand's eight national highways. It extends from SH 1 at Tirau, on the plains of the Waikato River, to SH 2, close to the Hawke Bay coast at Bay View, 10 km north of Napier. Distances are measured from north to south.
For most of its length, SH 5 is a two-lane single carriageway, other than a two-kilometre section of dual carriageway in Rotorua, with at-grade intersections and property accesses, both in rural and urban areas.
This is the route that SH 5 takes in 2007.
Tirau to Taupo
The highway leaves SH1 at Tirau, heading east and ascending to cross the Mamaku Ranges to Lake Rotorua. The highway skirts the southwestern edge of the lake, entering the city of Rotorua and continuing south through the Rotorua-Taupo thermal area to the upper reaches of the Waikato River. It follows the river's upper valley past Wairakei and the Huka Falls to the town of Taupo, on the northeastern edge of the lake of the same name. Between Wairakei and Taupo, the highway runs concurrently with SH 1.
Taupo to Napier
From Taupo, SH 1 continues along the lake's eastern shore, while SH 5 heads southeast through the rough hill country of the Kaingaroa Forest. The highway climbs and twists, crossing the headwaters of the Rangitaiki River and the watershed of the Mohaka River, before crossing the 708-metre Titiokura Saddle and heading down to the coast close to the mouth of the Esk River. This part of the road is very varied, with many points of interest on the route.
Soon after leaving Taupo, the highway passes "The Terraces", an 1889 hotel named for the now-lost local black silica terraces. Various hot pools are found in the area.
The 65,000-year-old volcanic Mount Tauhara is seen to the east shortly after the road starts to climb to the volcanic plateau. The highway passes through the small settlement of Opepe, which is at the intersection of two major pre-European walking tracks (Taupo-Napier and Urewera-Tokaanu). A military stockade was built there in 1869 and the township thrived for several years in the late 19th century, though little remains of it today.
Beyond Opepe lie the Kaingaroa plains, formed from the ash from the great Taupo eruption of 186 AD. Until 1955 the plains only supported tussock and scrub. With the use of clover and the overcoming of a cobalt deficiency in the soil, the development of large farms became possible. The Kaingaroa Forest, which lies on these plains is one of the largest man made forests in the Southern Hemisphere. Radiata (Monterey) pine is the main species.
The Rangitaiki conservation area, a 5000 hectare reserve of the tussock shrublands that once covered the plains, is located some 40 km southeast of Taupo. The area is also known for its "frost flats". Unlike much of New Zealand, here tussock and shrub grow in lower areas sheltered by tall trees on the hills.
Several sets of waterfalls lie on the Waipunga River close to the northern side of the road between Rangitaiki and Tarawera, notably the Waipunga Falls and Hukawai Falls. The Waipunga Valley stretch, known as the Runanga deviation, replaced the last unsealed part of the highway and opened in 1972. It was difficult to construct and passes through several deep rock cuttings. The highway continues past the hot springs of Tarawera before climbing to the small settlement of Te Haroto, once a busy timber-milling town.
The highway next crosses the Mohaka River, the site of one of New Zealand’s major road tragedies during the 1990s, when a housebus plunged from the bridge. The Mohaka river is a popular spot for both whitewater rafting and trout fishing.
The highway next ascends to cross the Titiokura Saddle, the site of a proposed electricity generating wind farm, before passing through Te Pohue, a former coaching stop for travellers heading inland from Napier. A few kilometres further on is an unsealed road leading to Trellinoe Park, one of New Zealand’s largest private gardens.
From here, the road descends into the Esk River valley, a fertile area with vineyards and orchards, as well as one of the country’s few lavender farms, which is open to the public.
Prior to the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake the road met State Highway 2 at Petane (now Bay View). The earthquake raised the land and altered the course of the Esk River; the course of the highway was changed to follow suit.
State Highway 5 once ran through central Rotorua. The old route left the current route at the Lake Road traffic lights, and followed the route of Lake Road, Ranolf Street, Amohau Street, Fenton Street, and Hemo Road, where it re-merges with the current section. Today, State Highway 5 follows Old Taupo Road, which bypasses the central city to the west.
Most recently, the Taupo Bypass was constructed shifting the original State Highway 1 from the township and lakeside to the eastern outskirts of Taupo. State Highway 5, which shares a concurrency with SH 1 from Wairakei to the Napier-Taupo Road, now also follows this route.
|South Waikato District||Tirau||0|| SH 1 south – Taupo
SH 1 north – Hamilton
| SH 5 begins |
37°59′06″S 175°46′04″E / 37.9849°S 175.767689°E
|Tapapa||5||SH 28 south – Putaruru||SH 5/SH 28 concurrency begins|
|7||SH 28 north – Matamata, Tauranga||SH 5/SH 28 concurrency ends|
|Rotorua District||Ngongotaha||43||SH 36 – Ngongotaha, Tauranga|
|Rotorua||50||SH 30A (Pukuatua Street) – City Centre, Whakatane|
|Whakarewarewa||55||SH 30 east (Hemo Road) – City Centre, Whakatane||SH 5/SH 30 concurrency begins|
|Waipa Village||56||SH 30 east – Tokoroa, Te Kuiti||SH 5/SH 30 concurrency ends|
|Waiotapu||77||SH 38 – Murupara, Waikaremoana|
|Golden Springs||99||Mihi Bridge (Waikato River)|
|Wairakei||124|| Wairakei Drive – Taupo
SH 1 north – Hamilton
| SH 5/SH 1 concurrency begins |
38°37′24″S 176°06′00″E / 38.623442°S 176.099896°E
|126||Waikato River Bridge|
|Taupo||135|| SH 1 south – Turangi, Palmerston North
Napier Road – Taupo
| SH 5/SH 1 concurrency ends |
38°42′18″S 176°05′16″E / 38.70511°S 176.08781°E
|Rangitaiki||169||Rangitaiki River Bridge|
|Hastings District||Te Haroto||220||Mohaka River Bridge|
|Napier City||Bay View||262|| SH 2 north – Wairoa, Gisborne
SH 2 south – Napier, Hastings
|SH 5 ends|
- List of New Zealand State Highways
- List of roads and highways, for notable or famous roads worldwide