Nicknames of New York City

A sculpture of a red apple with the New York Mets logo on it rises above a black pedestal with the words "Home Run" in large letters.
A literal big apple is located outside of Citi Field, the New York Mets' ballpark.

New York City has been known by a variety of nicknames, both officially and unofficially, now and in the past. City nicknames can help in establishing a civic identity, helping outsiders recognize a community or attracting people to a community because of its nickname; promote civic pride; and build community unity.[1] Nicknames and slogans that successfully create a new community "ideology or myth"[2] are also believed to have economic value.[1] Their economic value is difficult to measure,[1] but there are anecdotal reports of cities that have achieved substantial economic benefits by "branding" themselves by adopting new slogans.[2]

New York City is frequently shortened to simply "New York," "NY," or "NYC." New York City is also known as "The City" in much of the eastern United States.[3] Other nicknames are "The City with Everything", "The Big Apple" or "Hong Kong on the Hudson," a reference in different cases to the city's prominence or its immigrant groups.[4]

Major nicknames


  1. 1 2 3 Muench, David "Wisconsin Community Slogans: Their Use and Local Impacts", December 1993, accessed April 10, 2007.
  2. 1 2 Alfredo Andia, Branding the Generic City :), MU.DOT magazine, September 10, 2007
  3. Hickey, Walter (June 5, 2013). "22 Maps That Show How Americans Speak English Totally Differently From Each Other". Business Insider. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  4. Popik, Barry (January 19, 2005). "The Big Apple: 98 Nicknames". Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  5. Nigro, Carmen (January 25, 2011). "So, why do we call it Gotham anyway?". New York Public Library. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  6. Daniels, Les (April 1, 2004). Superman:The Complete History. Chronicle Books. p. 26. ISBN 0-8118-4231-2.
  7. 1 2 "Why is New York City known as "the Big Apple" and "Gotham?""., LLC. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  8. "About New York City". The City of New York. 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2013.
  9. Eugene J. Sherman. "FORWARD New York – Capital of the Modern World". The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Flannigan, Jenna; Miscone, Michael (January 18, 2011). "A history of NYC nicknames". Time Out New York. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  11. Sarah Moore (March 22, 2011). "Explore Manhattan Neighborhoods: The Center of the Universe (aka Times Square)". Her Campus Media. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  12. "Times Square The Crossroads of the World". October 30, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  13. Popik, Barry (July 18, 2004). "New York, New York—so nice, they named it twice". Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  14. Gollust, Shelley (April 28, 2013). "Nicknames for New York City". Voice of America. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  15. Medina, Miriam (May 22, 2012). "The Five Boroughs of the City of New York: A Brief Historical Description". The History Box. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
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