Qashqai language

Qaşqay dili
Native to Iran
Region Fars, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Isfahan
Ethnicity Qashqai
Native speakers
923,000 (2014)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 qxq
Glottolog qash1240[1]
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Ghashghayi, Qašqāʾī,[2][3] Qashqa'i, and Qashqayi) is a Oghuz Turkic language spoken by the Qashqai people, an ethnic group living mainly in the Fars region of southern Iran. In the Encyclopaedia Iranica Qashqai is also regarded as an independent third group of dialects within the southwestern Turkic languages.[4] It is known to speakers as Turki.[5] Estimates of the number of Qashqai speakers vary. Ethnologue gives a figure of 923,000 in 2014.[6] The Qashqai language is closely related to Azerbaijani, and some linguists consider it to be a dialect of that language.

Like the Azeri language in Iran, Qashqai uses the Persian modification of the Arabic script.


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Qashqa'i". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Qašqāʾī tribal confederacy: Language at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Michael Knüppel
  3. Azeri Turkish at Encyclopædia Iranica, by Gerhard Doerfer
  4. "QAŠQĀʾI TRIBAL CONFEDERACY ii. LANGUAGE". In: Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  5. Qašqāʾi Tribal Confederacy, Encyclopaedia Iranica
  6. Ethnologue
Qashqai language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator

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