This article is about the German tractor manufacturer. For other uses, see Deutz.
For Deutz-Fahr's parent company, see SAME Deutz-Fahr.
Deutz-Fahr logo
Fahr F22
Share of the Maschinenfabrik Fahr AG, issued February 1942
Fahr M66TS
Fahr D270

Deutz-Fahr was established in 1968, following the acquisition of the majority of share capital in FAHR, a leading company already producing agricultural equipment in the previous century, by the Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG (KHD) group.

In 1995 Deutz-Fahr joined the Italian Group SAME Lamborghini Hürlimann to become the SAME Deutz-Fahr Group.

The history of Fahr

[1] The company Fahr was founded by Johann Georg Fahr in the second half of 1800 and one of its most important products was the self-binder, manufactured in 1911, while the first tractor, the Fahr F22, was built in 1938 from an idea of Wilfred Fahr and Bernhard Flerlage and had a 22 hp Deutz F2M414 twin-cylinder diesel engine.

The first design was developed, to become the Fahr T22 in 1940 and the Fahr holzgasschlepper HG25 in 1942.

After the end of World War Two, the Company had to adapt to new needs, expanding its product range. Models included the Fahr D30 W (1949), D15(1949), Fahr D12N (1953), the Fahr D17N (1953), D90 (1954) and Fahr D180H(1954).

In 1961, KHD acquired 25% of the shares in Fahr. The acquisition and complete control of plants and business operations was completed in 1977.

Models produced

Fahr Tractors

The history of Deutz

Deutz F2 M315

In 1864 Nicolaus August Otto and Eugen Langen founded N.A. Otto &Cie. in Cologne, the first engine factory in the world, which became Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG in 1938.

In 1867 the "atmospheric gas engine" developed by N.A. Otto and E. Langen won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle of Paris, for the most economical powered machine for light industry.

In 1872 the factory was expanded and the joint-stock company Gasmotoren-Fabrik Deutz AG (GFD) was founded.

In 1876 Nicolaus August Otto completed the “four stroke" internal combustion engine, for all types of fuel; the use of engines began to spread worldwide, starting from Cologne.

In 1884 Otto developed ignition with a low voltage magnet. This electrical ignition system was acquired by Robert Bosch for his business.

In 1894 production of self-propelled machines with Otto engines and tractors got underway in Philadelphia (USA).

In 1907 the mass production of diesel engines began at GFD.

From 1907-1912, under the management of the Italian-born Ettore Bugatti, some car models were built in Cologne.

In 1914 the Company celebrated its 50th anniversary. Up to this date, engines had been produced for an overall hp of 90,000. 3,400 manual workers and 700 office staff were employed at the company.

In 1921 a consortium was founded with Motorenfabrik Oberursel AG and the company name was changed to Deutz AG.

In 1927 Deutz built its first road tractor with compressor-less diesel engine, in Cologne, the 14 hp Deutz MTH 222 with two forward gears and one reverse gear.

In 1930 Motorenfabrik Deutz AG merged with Maschinenbauanstalt Humboldt AG, founded in 1856, and Motorenfabrik Oberursel AF, founded in 1892, merged with Humboldt-Deutz motoren AG. As from 1934, the Deutz F2M 315 was produced. In 1935 the Deutz F3M 317 came into being, followed in 1936 by the "people's tractor", the F1M414, with single-cylinder, water-cooled, 11 hp engine - the first mini-tractor worldwide to be mass-produced. The tractor was decisive in promoting the mechanisation of small farms. The F1M 414 was built up until 1951. The tractor was then manufactured with an air-cooled engine up until 1959.

Deutz F4 L514
Deutz D5006
Deutz DX7.10
Older DeutzFahr, about 1985

In 1936 the lorry manufacturer Fahrzeugfabrik C.D. Magirus AG of Ulma was acquired.

In 1937/1938 Klöckner was acquired and the company was renamed KHD: Klöckner – Humboldt – DEUTZ AG, one of Germany's largest groups, covering all sectors of the engine industry: cars, lorries, trains, ships, aircraft and tractors.

The considerable damage of the war caused production to stop during the winter of 1944 - 1945. At the end of the war, 74% of the Cologne production sites had been destroyed.

In 1945 reconstruction started with a massive effort.

In 1950, five years after the end of the war, the situation and production had returned to normal conditions. Workforce: 13,000 employees; production: 40,000 engines for an overall hp of 1.5 million; 10,000 tractors, 6,000 industrial vehicles; turnover: 300 million Deutschmarks.

This was the era of air-cooled engines. The first was the 15 hp F1L 514. In this period, Deutz also introduced direct power take off with dual friction.

Thanks to the D 25 (1958), D 40 (1958) and D 15 (1959) with new generation engines and the FL 712 with front suspensions to improve driving comfort, Deutz recorded a huge sales success. In 1953 production of crawlers started.

In 1958 the D series of tractors was introduced, with the D 40 model garnering the most success. In 1962 machines began to be equipped with the “Deutz-Transfermatic-System”. Shortly before the end of the series, the first six-cylinder Deutz was launched in 1964. The D 80 had a 75 hp.

In 1964 the Magirus logo became the symbol of the company KHD.

The D05 tractor range was then built (1965) with four-wheel drive, as well as the D06 series (1968) with over 380,000 models sold.

Deutz-Fahr was established in 1968, following the acquisition of the majority of share capital in FAHR (Gottmadingen), a leading company and part of the Klockner-Humboldt-Deutz AG (KHD) group, already producing agricultural equipment in the previous century.

In 1969 Ködel&Böhm of Lauingen (Baviera), specialised in the production of agricultural machinery, was acquired.

In 1972 the INTRAC series of multi-role tractors was unveiled, with multiple automatic hitches for implements, a forward cab layout and a front lift and PTO, making them extremely effective in agricultural, civil and industrial applications alike.

In 1978 the DEUTZ-DX was launched on the market: a new generation tractor, featuring synchronised gears, a forced lubrication system, four-wheel drive as standard, electronic hitch regulation and cabs with elastic suspensions, with a horsepower from 80 to 200.

Since 1982 all tractors have had the DEUTZ-FAHR brand.

In 1992 Deutz-Fahr manufactured its one millionth tractor.

In 1993 , with the AGROSTAR 6.71, 6.81 and 8.31, 165 - 230 hp models, ELECTRONIC POWERSHIFT transmissions produced by the SAME+LAMBORGHINI+HÜRLIMANN (SLH) group were used.

In 1995 KHD Agrartechnik GmbH of Cologne (tractors) and Deutz-Fahr Erntesysteme GmbH of Lauingen (combine harvesters, balers) were sold to the Italian Group SLH and the SAME DEUTZ-FAHR GROUP came into being.

In 1997 Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz AG changed its company name to Deutz AG. The new company focussed on the development, production, distribution and after-sales service of 4 - 7,400 kW engines.

Models Produced


Today's range

Deutz-Fahr Agrotron II 130

See also


External links

Media related to Deutz-Fahr at Wikimedia Commons

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