Vladimir Polonsky

Vladimir Polonsky
First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
In office
5 August 1930  January 1933
Head of the Organizational-Instruction Department of the Central Committee
In office
January  August 1933
Preceded by Pavel Postyshev
Succeeded by Post abolished
Personal details
Born (1893-06-17)June 17, 1893
Tobolsk, Russia
Died October 30, 1937(1937-10-30) (aged 44)
Moscow, Russia
Political party Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (from 1907)
Spouse(s) Esfir Iosifovna Mogilevskaya
Children Liya, Vladimir

Vladimir Ivanovich Polonsky (Azerbaijani: Vladimir Polonski Ivan oğlu, Russian: Полонский, Владимир Иванович; June 17, 1893 October 30, 1937), was the 5th First Secretary of Azerbaijan Communist Party and a revolutionary.

Early life

Polonsky was born to a Jewish family in Tobolsk, Russia. Since 1907, he was a member of Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). Starting from 1908, Polonsky has been a sailor and worked blue collar jobs in Saint Petersburg.

Political career

In 1913, he became a member of union administration. He was jailed for his political activities in 1914. In 1918-1920, he was a division commissar on western and southern fronts and the chairman for the southern region of Trade unions in the Soviet Union. In 1930-1933, Polonsky was the First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party and the Secretary of Transcaucasian Committee of CP of Soviet Union.

He was arrested on June 22, 1937. Claims that he was tortured are not accompanied by evidence. He was sentenced to death by the Military Tribunal of USSR and executed by firing squad on October 30, 1937 in Lubyanka prison.[1]


Polonsky was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.


Party political offices
Preceded by
Nikolay Gikalo
First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party
Succeeded by
Ruben Rubenov
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