William Richards Castle

William Richards Castle
Born (1849-03-19)March 19, 1849
Honolulu, Hawaii
Died June 5, 1935(1935-06-05) (aged 86)
Occupation Lawyer, Diplomat
Spouse(s) Ida Beatrice Lowrey
Children William Richards Castle, Jr.
+ 2 others
Parent(s) Samuel Northrup Castle
Mary C. Tenney

William Richards Castle (March 19, 1849 June 5, 1935) was a Hawaiian lawyer and politician in the Kingdom of Hawaii and Republic of Hawaii.


William Richards Castle was born in Honolulu March 19, 1849. His father was Samuel Northrup Castle (1808–1894), and mother was Mary Tenney (1819–1907). He was a namesake of William Richards (1793–1847) who drafted the first constitution of the kingdom.[1] On October 12, 1875 he married Ida Beatrice Lowrey (1854–1926) on October 12, 1875 and had three children.[2]

His brothers George Parmele Castle (1851–1932) and James Bicknell Castle (1855–1918) became executives in the firm Castle & Cooke which was co-founded by his father and Amos Starr Cooke, and developed it into one of the "Big Five" corporations that dominated the Territory of Hawaii economy.[3]


He attended Punahou School (then known as Oahu College) and then Oberlin College in Ohio and Harvard Law School, earning an LL.B. degree in 1873. He practised law for two years in New York City before returning to Hawaii in 1876. He was officer and director of several corporations.[2] After Richard H. Stanley died in office in 1875,[4] he was appointed to be Attorney General for King David Kalākaua from February to December 1876, when he was replaced by Alfred S. Hartwell.[5] He was elected to the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom in the House of Representatives from 1878 to 1886, and House of Nobles from 1887 to 1888.[6] Oberlin awarded him an honorary degree in 1887.[2]

He later became a member of Committee of Safety, and member of Sons of the American Revolution.[7] After the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893, he served on commissions to lobby for annexation by the United States, was president of the Board of Education, and commissioner of public lands.[6]

Death and legacy

castles with Harvard and Hawaii crests
Bookplate for Harvard collection

He bequeathed a book fund at Harvard College Library in his name, focusing specifically on South Seas literature. His Ex libris bookplate contains personal coat of arms, arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii, and the Harvard College Shield.[8] He died June 5, 1935 and was buried at the mission houses cemetery at Kawaiahaʻo Church.[9]


His son Alfred Lowrey Castle (1884–1972) also graduated from Harvard in 1906 and Harvard Law School, and joined the family firm of Castle & Withington in 1908. He then started his own law firm of Robertson, Castle and Olsen. Alfred was director of Alexander & Baldwin and elected to the Territorial legislature in 1911 and 1915-1918.[10] He was a pitcher on the Harvard baseball team, and won 11 championships of the Hawaii Tennis Association. Alfred married Ethelinda Schaefer in 1908 and had a son Alfred Lowrey Castle Jr. and two other children. He was an active member of the American Alpine Club since 1930.[11]

Castle's oldest son, William Richards Castle, Jr. was born June 19, 1878, became an educator, author and diplomat, and died October 14, 1963. His book Hawaii Past and Present, on the history and people of Hawaii, is dedicated to "My Father: Lifelong friend of the Hawaiian People; foremost among those who have laboured for the upbringing of the Islands—his unselfish devotion is the inspiration of his children."[12]

He also had a daughter Beatrice who was born July 30, 1888, married Burton Edgar Newcomb, and died June 8, 1931.[9][13]

A descendant directs a foundation in honor of the Castle family,[14] and William Richards Castle was a founding trustee.[15]

Family tree


  1. George F. Nellist, ed. (1925). "Samuel Northrop Castle". The Story of Hawaii and Its Builders. Honolulu Star Bulletin.
  2. 1 2 3 John William Siddall, ed. (1921). Men of Hawaii: being a biographical reference library, complete and authentic, of the men of note and substantial achievement in the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu Star-Bulletin. p. 85.
  3. George F. Nellist, ed. (1925). "James Bicknell Castle". The Story of Hawaii and Its Builders. Honolulu Star Bulletin.
  4. Wade Warren Thayer; Robert Colfax Lydecker (1916). A digest of the decisions of the Supreme Court of Hawaii: volumes 1 to 22 inclusive, January 6, 1847, to October 7, 1915. Paradise of the Pacific Press. p. xv.
  5. "Attorney General office record" (PDF). state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
  6. 1 2 "Castle, William R. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
  7. A national register of the society, Sons of the American Revolution. Press of A. H. Kellogg. 1902. p. 295.
  8. Ex libris from William Ellis (1831). Vindication of the South Sea Missions. London Missionary Society.
  9. 1 2 William Disbro (November 6, 2001). "Mission Houses Cemetery, Honolulu, Hawaii". US GenWeb Archives. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  10. "Castle, Alfred L. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
  11. J. Monroe Thorington (1973). "Alfred Lowrey Castle 1884–1972". American Alpine Journal. 38 (70). American Alpine Club. p. 545.
  12. William Richards Castle, Jr. (1917) [1915]. Hawaii Past and Present. Dodd, Mead and Company. p. v.
  13. "Obituary 4". New York Times. June 10, 1931. Retrieved May 4, 2010. (Obituary)
  14. Alfred L. Castle (September 2005). "Philanthropy in Paradise: Hawaii has a centuries-old track record of identifying problems and crafting solutions through family philanthropy". Foundation News & Commentary. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
  15. "History of the Foundation". Samuel N. & Mary Castle Foundation web site. Retrieved May 4, 2010.

Further reading

Government offices
Preceded by
John S. Walker
Kingdom of Hawaii Attorney General
February 1876 – December 1876
Succeeded by
Alfred S. Hartwell
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